Information About Egypt is known by names like: “The mother of the world” or “Egypt Cradle of Civilization“. Due to the different civilizations that have converged on its territory throughout history. it from the different Pharaonic dynasties to the times of the greatest splendor of Islam. All of them have bequeathed to the country a heritage that deserves the attention of all humanity. The country has gained international fame as the magical land of the pharaohs and pyramids.
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Country Location :
The Arab Republic of Egypt is a country located on two continents: Africa and Asia because it includes the Sinai Peninsula, which belongs to the Asian region of the Middle East. Most of Egypt is made up of the Sahara desert. Egypt limits human settlements to the banks of the Nile and desert oases. Its capital is Cairo in the Nile delta. Egypt is divided into 27 governorates or provinces and is predominantly an agricultural country, and one of the most important crops is cotton. The Suez Canal and tourism are also the main sources of income, therefore there is a large investment and infrastructure for this sector.
Geography of Egypt :
The highest point in Egypt is the mount of St. Catharine, which is 8,668 meters high. The lowest point is the Qattara depression, which is 436 meters below sea level. The Nile Delta is the only delta in Egypt and is 100 kilometers long. The land of the pharaohs is within the Sahara desert. But there is a lot of beauty within their lands, including the 7 oases, the most important in Egypt are Farafra, Bahria, Dakhla, Kharga, and Siwa oases. For those who do not know, Egypt is located in Africa and Asia, and part of the region of the Sinai peninsula is located on the Asian continent. In Egypt, there are six deserts, four major and two minor: the Eastern Desert, the Western Desert, the Sahara Desert, the Black Desert, the White Desert, and the Sinai Desert.
Politics of Egypt :
Egypt was ruled by President Muhamed Hosni Mubarak for 30 years, until January 25, 2011, when the revolution called “The Egyptian Spring” took place and President Hosni Mubarak was overthrown. The military junta ruled the country until the presidential elections in 2012 and, after the democratic elections, President Muhamed Morsi was elected. On June 30, 2013, there was a new revolution and President Morsi was deposed. Currently, the current president of Egypt is Abdel Fattah El-Sisi.
The Economy of Egypt :
The main economic sectors in the country are agriculture, the industrial sector (automobile, chemical, electronics, iron, textile products) energy sector, the real estate sector, and the services sector (banks, insurance, transport, communications, and tourism).
The Language in Egypt :
The official language of Egypt is currently Arabic. However, Egyptian Arabic is used, which is dominant in the Arab world, thanks to the exceptional importance that Egypt has in the media and education. In the tourist areas and their surroundings, many Egyptians will be able to speak and/or understand English, so you will have no problem communicating on your trip. The main tourist cities in Egypt are Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor, Aswan, Sharm El Sheikh, and Hurghada, among others, where you can find people who speak several languages including Spanish.
The Country Religion :
The official religion in Egypt is Islam, to which most of the population belongs. The second-largest religious group is Coptic Christians. When traveling we have to take into account certain rules, as in the case of women they must dress discreetly when entering a Mosque and cover their heads and both men and women must enter without shoes. Egyptians are very friendly people and accustomed to respecting the culture and religion of other people, so you can enjoy your holidays peacefully without worrying as long as we respecttheir customs and rules, and More Information about Egypt.
The Currency :
The official currency of Egypt is the Egyptian Pound, which is divided into 200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, and 1 bills. 1 pound coin, and .50 Piastres. In tourist areas, they accept the dollar and the euro without a problem, additionally. You can find several exchange houses throughout the country where you can exchange your foreign currency for local currency, for greater ease, it is recommended to bring the dollar or euro for the change to the local currency.
When you arrive in a country, it’s part of the experience to try the local food. From your arrival, you’ll observe many people gathered around a cart selling Ful (Egyptian bean), a national dish of Egypt. Lemon and olive oil pair well with this dish. Each location has its own manner of preparing, and certain delicacies are prepared at different festivals. So don’t shock by spicier flavors or different spices. Ful, Falafel, and Koshary are great vegetarian options, and you must try Mahshi (zucchini stuffed with Rice).
For meat lovers, try El Shawerma (chicken or beef wrapped in thin Syrian bread) or Fatta (layers of toast and boiled rice). Molokhia soup (a bitter, jelly-like green vegetable) pairs well with all types of meat. Egypt offers a local cuisine to match its rich heritage, no matter your tastes. Try these foods.
Don’t miss to check out our article about Egypt’s traditional food
Egypt is a country that is concerned about the security of its tourists and the general population. In all tourist places, at the entrance of shopping centers and hotels.
There is a thorough review of both vehicles and people, using technology, and animals for danger detection. And security personnel, to ensure your peace of mind during your stay.
The Climate in Egypt :
The climate in Egypt is 2 seasons. In Winter and Summer, from November to April we can find a pleasant climate since winter is very mild. However, in the summer, its high temperatures are an invitation to visit beach destinations.
The versatility of Egypt allows you to enjoy its lands throughout the year with its different destinations. And more information about Egypt.
Don’t miss to check out our article about Climate in Egypt
Main Attractions :
Egypt is famous for the Giza pyramids built by the ancient Egyptians but the country has much more than the impressive pyramids. We are going to mention some of the famous attractions in Cairo, Alexandria, the Red Sea, Luxor, and Aswan.
1- The Egyptian Museum:
Egyptian Museum is one of the most important collections of ancient artifacts in the world, occupying a privileged place in the center of Cairo, on the north side of Midan Tahrir. Inside the large, strangely pink, domed building. Containing the glittering treasures of Tutankhamun and other great pharaohs found alongside Egyptian funerary items, mummies, jewelry, bowls, and toys.
From our Cairo tours check out Trip to Pyramids of Giza and Egyptian Museum
2- The Karnak Temple:
More than a temple, El Karnak is an extraordinary complex of shrines, kiosks, pylons, and obelisks dedicated to the Theban gods and the greatest glory of the pharaohs. Everything is on a gigantic scale. The site covers more than 2 square kilometers, large enough to contain approximately 10 cathedrals.
It is one of the largest religious complexes in the world. Built, added, dismantled, restored, expanded. And decorated for almost 1500 years, Karnak was the most important place of worship in ancient Egypt during the New Kingdom.
Check our Day Tour to Karnak and Luxor Temples from our Luxor tours
3- Abu Simbel:
They are two temples carved out of the mountain on the west bank of the Nile, in upper Egypt between 1274 and 1244 BC. C. This imposing main temple of the Abu Simbel complex was as dedicated to deified Ramses II himself as to Ra-Horakhty, Amun, and Ptah. The four colossal statues of the pharaoh, are located in front of the temple. Are like gigantic sentinels that guard the incoming traffic against the south. No doubt designed as a warning of the pharaoh’s strength. and more information about Egypt.
Don’t miss to check out Abu Simbel Trip from Aswan by Plane
4- The Temple of Hatshepsut:
Also known as the Djoser-Djeseru, the “Holy of Holies” in the ancient Egyptian language. The Temple of Hatshepsut was built for the 18th Pharaoh Hatshepsut dynasty. She is the oldest reigning pharaoh. It is considered by historians as one of the most successful leaders of Ancient Egypt and as the “first great woman in history”. It is located in Luxor, in the Valley of the Kings. One of the most famous tours in Egypt is The Nile Cruise. which allows visitors to learn more about the history of Egypt. Also, enjoy the comforts of the cruise and the serenity of the banks of the longest river in the world. Which starts in the heart of Africa and crosses all of Egypt until reaching the Mediterranean. and more information about Egypt.
Day Tour to the Valley of Kings, Queens and Hatshepsut don’t pass up check our day tour
Every year, many new movies come out, making Egypt an even bigger player in the international movie business. During the holy month of Ramadan, it is common for Egyptians to watch TV shows, and because of this, many episodes and series are made just for Egyptians during this time. With it happening every year, the Cairo international film festival and the El Gouna International Film Festival has become essential source of ideas for filmmakers in Egypt and around the world.
Egyptians give music a lot of importance, which has led to the growth of a large music business in the country. The Egyptian theme has been made by many famous musicians, such as Umm Kulthum, Mohammed Abdel Wahab, Abdel Halim Hafez, Sayed Darwish, and Abdul al-Hamuli. Young Egyptian musicians like Amr Diab, Mohamed Mounir, Tamer Hosny, and Mohamed Ramadan are responsible for the significant changes in Egypt’s modern music scene.
Every year in the Egyptian capital of Cairo, a festival that has been going on for more than a decade now brings together the best Arab musicians from all over the world. The Cairo Opera House and Alexandria Opera House perform every year bringing people from all over the world to see them it is called Arab Music Festival.
Egypt’s Naguib Mahfouz is thought to be the first person to write a novel in Arabic and win the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Muhammad Husayn Haykal, Nawa El Saadawi, Alifa Rifaat, Ahmed Fouad Negm, Salah Jahren, and Abdel Rahman El-Abnudi are all well-known Egyptian authors.
Egypt is where the well-known dance style called “belly dancing” comes from. Many people also think belly dancing is an integral part of Egyptian culture. After the ceremony, an Egyptian belly dancer will help the bride and groom have fun at the reception.
Popular Egyptian Festivals
When it comes to the observance of Ramadan. As a demonstration of reverence for Allah and what is prescribed in the Koran, Muslims fast from sunrise until sunset throughout Ramadan.
During this period, Egypt’s houses, restaurants, and cafés were all decorated festively using the colors associated with the occasion. Many keep their doors open until dawn to provide customers with food like almonds and dates in anticipation of the daily fast-breaking.
- Eid al-Fitr
The holy month of fasting, known as Ramadan, comes to a close with celebrating this important Islamic holiday. The morning prayers of those who observe Eid al-Fitr are the first sounds to be heard throughout the holiday.
Following a full breakfast, the group will travel to the houses of various friends and family members to indulge in a feast consisting of traditional dishes from the area. As a novelty, the men dress in all-white outfits and hand gifts to the children.
- Eid al-Adha
This holy day is also referred to as the Feast of the Lamb or the Sacrifice, and it commemorates the time when Abraham was about to sacrifice his son, but Allah intervened and substituted a lamb in his place.
During this time, many Muslims pilgrimage to Mecca; those who remain in their home cities to celebrate the holiday do so by distributing the bounty of a sacrificial lamb to those in need, as well as to loved ones and neighbors.
- Sham el Nessim
Over 4,500 years ago, the Egyptians started a tradition of celebrating spring’s arrival that is still strong today. It was a customary tradition in ancient Egypt to show gratitude to the gods for prosperous harvests by offering them seasonal fruits as presents to express appreciation.
Thousands of people journey to the Nile each year to participate in this event. While there, they have the opportunity to eat seasonal delicacies such as fresh vegetables and herring. Along the river banks, they can be seen singing, dancing, and riding feluccas.
- Prophet’s Day
In the religion of Islam, a celebration is held to commemorate the birth of Muhammad, who is revered as a prophet of Allah. It appears that Egyptians, compared to their Arab neighbors, place a greater emphasis on celebrating this occasion.
In honor of the prophet, worshipers may be seen chanting their prayers as mosques in Cairo are illuminated with bright lights, poetry stands have been set up along the city’s streets, and open-air marketplaces have been set up to sell regional foods.
Related FAQs about Egypt :
Egypt is undoubtedly a country that can satisfy any traveler, from people who prefer to relax on the beaches of the Red Sea. and those looking for a unique and different adventure, discovering. and exploring the various temples, ruins, and more than 120 distributed pyramids in the country. Your senses have to stay active to enjoy your meals and perceive the new aromas of spices. And spices that you can find in its markets and bazaars. See one of the 7 wonders of the ancient world. And an endless number of buildings that will surely surprise you. Connect with the past and live the experience of visiting magnificent and unique places. Cairo Egypt tours have excellent options for Traveling to Egypt and living the dream of visiting this country. All Information about Egypt is here.
How many inhabitants do you have in the country?
The country is one of the most populous countries in Africa. The Egyptian population reached 100 million in 2020, with the highest population concentration in the country’s capital. The inhabitants depend on the Nile River as the main source of water.
Is Egypt just a desert?
Egypt is considered one of the fastest-growing countries in Africa. Egypt is Bathed by the great Nile River, the agriculture is one of its economic sources in Egypt. The territory of Egypt is full of amazing beaches and cities both in the Red Sea and in the Mediterranean Sea that everyone needs to know about, like Sharm El Sheikh, Hurghada, Dahab, Marsa Alam, Marsa Matrouh, Marina, and much more.
What’re the main cities in Egypt?
The main cities are on the banks of the Nile, including the capital of Cairo and Giza. Alexandria is the second-most populous city in the country. The most famous cities in the southern region are Luxor and Aswan on the banks of the Nile, not to mention the coastal cities that are well sought after by local people and foreigners all year round. The largest cities in Egypt are Cairo and Alexandria.
Note: If you planning your trip to Egypt, don’t miss checking our Egypt vacation packages to choose your favorite travel package.